When Psychiatric News asked Nininger whether he had learned something from older New Yorkers’ reactions to the World Trade Center calamity, he replied: "I don’t know if I’ve learned something new. But it has reinforced what I had known already about how differently people, including seniors, react to events. It partly depended, of course, on the degree to which seniors were directly involved with the World Trade Center attacks. But it also depended on their own psychodynamics and their own histories and what the attacks personally meant to them. The catastrophe also reinforces, I think, the fact that the elderly are not always fragile, but often very resilient. It may be because they have been through stresses before. If an event is not too traumatic, they feel they are able to cope."