Drug importation, availability of flu vaccine, and the ethics of specialty
hospitals dominated debates at last month's interim meeting of the AMA's House
of Delegates in Atlanta.
Up till now, the AMA has opposed the importation and reimportation of drugs
into the United States. The house voted to revise that position if the report
of the Health and Human Services Task Force on Drug Importation indicates that
patient safety can be ensured under legalized conditions.
That report, released at press time, states that commercial importation by
large wholesalers could be possible under certain stringent conditions: that
the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is given resources to ensure safety;
that the drugs being imported are high-cost, high-demand drugs; and that there
is a closed distribution chain with a traceable "pedigree" to
track where the drugs have been. However, the report recommends against
private importation of drugs by individuals.
The AMA is reviewing the report. Details about the report and the AMA's
reaction will appear in the next Psychiatric News.
The conditions for importation spelled out by AMA delegates at last month's
meeting closely resemble those listed by HHS. They are as follows:
"America's physicians write more than three billion prescriptions a
year for patients, and we need to know that when patients fill those
prescriptions, the drugs they take are safe," said AMA Trustee Edward L.
Langston, M.D. "The American Medical Association believes that
prescription drugs should be available at the lowest price possible, and we
must ensure quality and safety.
"Patient safety must remain the overriding concern as we work to make
prescription drugs more available and affordable for patients. Patients must
be protected from unapproved drugs that could be unsafe, expired, counterfeit,
adulterated, misbranded, or inappropriately labeled."
The house also voted to educate AMA members regarding the risks and
benefits associated with drug importation and reimportation.
Addressing this year's critical flu vaccine shortage, the house considered
several new policies to prevent or mitigate future vaccine shortages. During
an education summit, Julie Gerberding, M.D., M.P.H., director of the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), reviewed new preventive strategies
for a national influenza outbreak.
"This year's shortage of the flu vaccine was a wake-up call,"
AMA President John C. Nelson, M.D., M.P.H., said. "We can use what we've
learned from this year's flu vaccine shortage to help enact overall
improvements in the way we deliver all vaccines. Flu vaccination provides a
platform from which we can improve the nation's immunization system.
Development of an adult immunization system to obtain and deliver all vaccines
is needed to improve preventive care and public health
House delegates passed several policies that support ongoing AMA flu
vaccine efforts, through such initiatives as the National Influenza Vaccine
Summit. The new policies call for the AMA to do the following:
A subject of sometimes contentious debate was the role of specialty
hospitals—physician-owned ambulatory care facilities offering select
services—in local communities. Physicians claiming that specialty
hospitals offer access to quality services unavailable at community hospitals
were pitted against those who maintain that such facilities are luring the
most lucrative business away from community hospitals.
After prolonged debate, delegates approved a report that calls on the AMA
to support and encourage competition between health care facilities as a means
of promoting the delivery of high-quality care and to oppose efforts to extend
the current 18-month moratorium on physician referrals to specialty hospitals
imposed by the Medicare Modernization Act.
But house delegates also added the recommendation that the AMA should"
encourage physicians who contemplate formation of a specialty hospital
to consider the best health interests of the community they serve....
Physicians should explore the opportunities to enter into joint ventures with
existing community hospitals before proceeding with the formation of a
physician-owned specialty hospital." ▪