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Government News
What Does NIH Encompass?
Psychiatric News
Volume 40 Number 18 page 20-20

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary federal agency for conducting and supporting medical research. NIH is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and is composed of 27 institutes and centers. According to its Web site, NIH traces its roots to 1887, when the Laboratory of Hygiene was created within the Marine Hospital Service, the predecessor of the U.S. Public Health Service, at the Marine Hospital in Staten Island, N.Y.FIG1

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The Office of the Director is the NIH's central office for its institutes and centers. The office is responsible for setting policy and for planning, managing, and coordinating the programs and activities of all NIH components.

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National Cancer Institute (est. 1937)

National Eye Institute (est. 1968)

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (est. 1948)

National Human Genome Research Institute (est. 1989)

National Institute on Aging (est. 1974)

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (est. 1970)

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (est. 1948)

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (est. 1986)

National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (est. 2000)

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (est. 1962)

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (est. 1988)

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (est. 1948)

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (est. 1948)

National Institute on Drug Abuse (est. 1973)

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (est. 1969)

National Institute of General Medical Sciences (est. 1962)

National Institute of Mental Health (est. 1949)

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (est. 1950)

National Institute of Nursing Research (est. 1986)

National Library of Medicine (est. 1956)

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Center for Information Technology (est. 1964)

Center for Scientific Review (est. 1946)

John E. Fogarty International Center (est. 1968)

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (est. 1999)

National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (est. 1993)

National Center for Research Resources (est. 1962)

NIH Clinical Center (est. 1953)

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