California is the latest to join a roster of states that are establishing a
quick online resource to allow physicians and pharmacies to check whether a
patient is "doctor shopping" for addictive medications.
The state announced plans in June to launch a $3 million online database of
controlled-medication prescriptions by next year. The system is an upgrade of
the existing phone- and fax-based system that contains 86 million records of
schedule II, III, and IV prescriptions dispensed in California.
"If California puts this information online, with real-time access,
it will give authorized doctors and pharmacies the technology they need to
fight prescription drug abuse, which is burdening our health care
system," said California Attorney General Edmund "Jerry"
Brown Jr. at a June 4 news conference announcing his support for the
Prescription drug fraud is costly, with insurers losing $72 billion a year
nationally, according to a 2007 study by the Coalition Against Insurance
The upgrade is expected to speed up the current California system that
requires doctors and pharmacists to submit requests for information on
patients they suspect of doctor shopping to the attorney general's office by
fax or telephone. It can take several days for that office to respond to such
requests, however, which causes some physicians and pharmacies not to bother
submitting the information, Brown said.
California has monitored controlled drugs since 1940. Narcotics prescribers
are required to mail or fax weekly patient reports to the state's Department
Although the database has raised patient-privacy concerns, advocates of the
online tool said it will provide critical instant access to medical records.
Once the online system begins operation, it will be the nation's largest such
database and join the Web-based monitoring systems in Illinois, kentucky,
Maine, Ohio, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Supporters said the online system would not only cut down on doctor
shopping but also raise prescriber accountability and help save lives by
helping to avoid accidental overdoses.
State medical boards have strongly supported the development of such online
prescribing databases, according to the Federation of State Medical Boards,
since they speed up medical boards' investigations of prescribing
An additional 14 states have proposed or are considering the use of online
databases, according to the University of Wisconsin Pain and Policy Studies
Groups concerned with chronic-pain treatment, such as the Pain Relief
Network, have criticized the databases for allowing law-enforcement agencies
to have even limited access. Details about law-enforcement access to
California's system have yet to be worked out, but other states often require
case-by-case subpoenas before police can see such
More information on California's prescription-monitoring program is