A leading Senate committee and two House committees approved the first
health reform bills in Congress in July. The House committees approved a
unified version of a reform bill, and the Mental Health Liaison Group (MHLG),
of which APA is a member, endorsed the House version (HR 3200), although both
House and Senate bills included several provisions to improve insurance
coverage for people with mental illness.
"This bill has numerous features that are good for our patients and
good for the profession," Nicholas Meyers, director of APA's Department
of Government Relations, told Psychiatric News.
The endorsement by the MHLG of the $1.04 trillion bill was based in part on
its inclusion of a mental health insurance parity requirement for all
insurance plans—including policies for individuals—that will be
part of a new insurance marketplace.
The endorsement came soon after approval of the bill by the House Ways and
Means and the House Education and Labor committees. Approval of the bill by
the final House panel with jurisdiction over health care, Energy and Commerce,
was slowed by cost objections raised by some Democrats.
Meanwhile, the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP)
Committee approved as-yet-unnumbered legislation to revamp health care, that
also includes some parity protections.
The $615 billion HELP measure would expand coverage to nearly all U.S.
residents by requiring that individuals get insurance and that employers
contribute to the cost. All of the committee's Democrats voted in favor, while
all of its Republicans voted against. The measure must be combined with a bill
yet to be finalized in the Senate Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction
over paying for the health care overhaul and over Medicare and Medicaid
changes. The Finance Committee measure is expected to push the total cost of
the Senate version well over $1 trillion.
The HELP panel was the first of five congressional committees to complete
work on a major overhaul for the health care sector, which comprises one-sixth
of the U.S. economy.
Democratic leaders were pushing to have each chamber vote on bills by
August and complete a unified House-Senate bill by October.
In addition to its many other provisions, the HELP committee bill includes
measures that aim to greatly expand treatment coverage for people with mental
illness, including substance use disorders.
It also includes a prohibition on large group health insurers barring or
restricting coverage for any individual based on either the applicant's or a
family member's preexisting health conditions, such as mental illness.
"Too many Americans with preexisting conditions find themselves
cherry-picked right out of the coverage they desperately need," said
Sen. Chris Dodd (D-Conn.), interim chair of the HELP committee. "And
people with preexisting conditions who are lucky enough to be covered are
trapped out of fear they won't be able to find other coverage. That's
A key provision aimed at increasing insurance coverage is the bill's
creation of a new health insurance exchange, or marketplace, where any
individual or employer could buy coverage with at least minimum benefits. The
measure requires that group insurers that offer insurance plans through the
exchange abide by federal mental health parity requirements enacted in 2008.
It is unlikely that the parity-law requirements also would apply to individual
or small-group plans also offered under the exchange (see
Improve in Senate Reform Bill).
Large group plans offered through the insurance exchange would have to
include minimum types of coverage. It is unclear whether those minimum
benefits will include mental health care, because the legislation allows the
secretary of Health and Human Services to determine the minimum level of
coverage for such plans. The secretary would receive recommendations on what
minimal coverage to require in the exchange plans from a new "health
care workforce commission," which would include "health
professionals," but the details of that commission that have been made
public have been sparse.
Although the bill does not mandate specific benefits for insurance plans
within the new exchange, supporters hope that the creation of a new"
public option" insurance program, similar to Medicare, to compete
with private plans within the exchange would encourage the broadest benefits
"Passing a strong public option will keep insurance companies honest
and ensure that all Americans have access to affordable health
coverage," said Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio), a member of the HELP
committee, in a written statement. "By increasing competition in the
insurance market, we can lower costs and expand insurance options."
Other provisions of the Senate HELP Committee bill include
The bill's support of illness-prevention efforts was seen as a long-term,
cost-control measure that could help curtail spiraling health care costs