Drury and her colleagues discussed the implications of permanent damage to the telomeres of their study subjects: "If longitudinal
studies of telomere length in children exposed to early adversity reveal that children exhibit more rapid reductions in telomere
length, despite environmental enhancement, this may provide greater understanding for not only the lasting negative impact
of early adversity across the lifespan, but also the delayed onset of some of the negative health consequences, as a critical
telomere-length difference may not be observable until later in life," they said. "Approaches to increase the plasticity of
epigenetic regulation, as well as intensive focus on early interventions and exposure to enhanced early environments, would
then become even more critical areas of research."