"In the wake of deinstitutionalization and closure of state hospitals, a growing number of persons with severe mental illnesses
have been incarcerated in U.S. jails and prisons, where mental health care is often deficient or lacking altogether," said
APA President John Oldham, M.D., in response to the ruling. "By upholding the lower court's ruling in this case, the Supreme
Court is signaling that it takes the mental health and other medical needs of prisoners seriouslyâa matter of constitutional
law. APA also believes that creating constitutionally adequate medical and mental health services as ordered in this case
is in the interests of all people in the state of California."