I learned more about the JLI, and about its proposed new partnership with psychiatry, at APA’s recent Institute on Psychiatric Services in San Francisco. (The institute, by the way, was a terrific meeting with great attendance and a wonderful program. See coverage on pages 1, 5, 6, 12, and 13) A discussion group was chaired by Fred Osher and co-chaired by Steve Leifman, titled “Collaborating With Judicial Partners: The Psychiatric Leadership Group on Criminal Justice.” Fred serves as the director of health systems and services policy at the Council of State Governments Justice Center, and he provided an overview of current challenges to meet the needs of the millions of individuals who are incarcerated or in some sort of correctional oversight supervision. He reviewed the growth of mental health courts and the importance of their success in returning individuals with mental illness from prison and jail settings back into the community and into treatment. It is estimated that the number of individuals with SPMI in the criminal justice system is three to six times the number in the general U.S. population. Steve reported that on any given day, about 550,000 individuals with SPMI are incarcerated, and 900,000 are on probation or under community legal control. He referred to the Dade County jail as the largest psychiatric facility in the county. For the last 10 years in Miami-Dade, however, they have made good headway by building training programs for law enforcement officers and correctional officers. For example, they have trained more than 3,300 police and are now expanding to train other groups, such as air marshals.