But what should we not do? We should not be politicians, no matter how tempting. Consider the period following World War II: Before the war, American psychiatry was clinically oriented, and almost all of its focus was on the severely ill. With the successful application of dynamic psychiatry in the care of combat trauma (60 percent of neuropsychiatric casualties returned to their units within two to five days), it was then applied to homeland psychiatry too, and the purview of psychiatry expanded to comment on the psychopathology of everyone’s everyday life. This move was challenged by some APA leaders, such Clarence O. Cheney, M.D., a member of the APA Council (the predecessor of the current Board of Trustees), who wrote to Francis Burlingame, M.D., in 1948, "APA needs at this time [to] uphold the traditions of the Association as a scientific group and not one that is trying to tell people how to live." But his words were ignored, and soon after that time, APA presidential addresses promised that dynamic psychiatry and its study of human motivation would be able to settle the Cold War.