In 1823, missionaries from New England started arriving in Hawaii, intent on converting the natives to Christianity. As Hawaii's
Queen Liliuokalani would write some years later, "My great grand-aunt was the celebrated Queen Kapiolani, one of the first
converts to Christianity. She plucked the sacred berries from the borders of the volcano, descended to the boiling lava, and
there, while singing Christian hymns, threw them into the lake of fire. This was the act that broke forever the power of Pele,
the fire goddess, over the hearts of her people...."