In some cases, time helps heal people's narcissistic injuries over a loss, Frosch continued. In others, it does not. People
may become permanently aggrieved. In a dramatic example, Miss Havisham in Charles Dickens' novel Great Expectations stopped the clocks in her house to the time when her fiancÃ©e jilted her. If people become permanently aggrieved, they may
engage in vengeance. He found another literary example to illustrate this point in Edgar Allen Poe's story "A Cask of Amontillado"
whose narrator buried a man alive because that man had offended him. These people forever harbor grievance rather than being
able to mourn losses, he pointed out.