The kind of integration between psychoanalytic understanding and the contributions of neuroscience that Kandel espouses has
indeed been taking place. Weekly lectures on "neuropsychoanalysis" have been held at the Arnold Pfeffer Center of the New
York Psychoanalytic Institute, under the leadership of Mark Solms, Ph.D., for a number of years. The lectures are available
for viewing on the Internet. In January 2010, I chaired a session of the Workshop on Curriculum and Didactic Teaching for
curriculum chairs of its constituent institutes on the topic "The Role of Neuroscience in the Psychoanalytic Curriculum."
We learned, among other things, that 19 of the 30 APsaA institutes had already included such coursework in their curriculum
and that other institutes were also planning to do so.