Spending on psychotherapeutic medications increased dramatically from 1997
to 2004, according to a report by the federal Agency for Healthcare Research
and Quality (AHRQ).
In 2004 total expenditures on prescribed psychotherapeutic agents was at
least 2.5 times as high as in 1997, rising from $7.9 billion to $20
In the same time span, the total number of purchases of psychotherapeutic
agents increased substantially from 141.9 million purchases to 244.3 million.
The number of individuals reporting purchasing a psychotherapeutic medicine
rose from 21 million to 32.6 million.
And from 1997 to 2004, the average per-purchase drug expenditure for a
psychotherapeutic agent increased from $55.80 to $82 (see chart).
The figures are in a "statistical brief" issued by the AHRQ
that draws on findings from the Household Component of the Medical Expenditure
Panel Survey (MEPS-HC) on total expenditures, number of purchases, number of
people who made a purchase, and average price per purchase for the therapeutic
class of prescribed psychotherapeutic agents and the therapeutic subclasses
within that medication
The subclasses are antipsychotics; central nervous system (CNS) stimulants;
antidepressants; and anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics.
Only prescribed medications purchased in an outpatient setting are included
in the estimates. Over-the-counter drugs are excluded from the estimates, as
are prescription medications administered in an inpatient setting or in a
clinic or physician's office.
The report documents sharp increases in total spending, numbers of
purchases, and average per-purchase expenditure for all of the subclasses from
1997 through 2004. Here are some highlights of the findings:
MEPS-HC is a nationally representative longitudinal survey that collects
detailed information on health care utilization and expenditures, health
insurance, and health status, as well as a wide variety of social,
demographic, and economic characteristics for the civilian
noninstitutionalized population. It is cosponsored by the AHRQ and the
National Center for Health Statistics.