The results also have treatment implications for steroid users, Pope said. "There have not been any formal studies of men who have the body-image disorder called muscle dysmorphia, but certainly
studies of other forms of body-image disorder have found cognitive-behavioral therapy and the SSRI antidepressants to be helpful. So by analogy, one might think that they might help men who develop
steroid dependence." And the considerable overlap between long-term steroid use and opioid use suggests that opioid antagonists might help counter steroid dependence, he added. Indeed, an animal
study supports this contention, he pointed out: "If you let hamsters self-inject testosterone, they will self-inject themselves with it to the point of death. But if you give them an opioid antagonist such as
naltrexone prior to giving them the testosterone, they will not become dependent on it."